The government began building a steam railroad trunk line girding the four major islands, encouraging private companies to participate in the project. Japanese growth was investment-led, not export-led.
Russian concern paralleled attacks on slavery in the Americas in the same period, reflecting a desire to meet Western humanitarian standards and a need for cheap, flexible labor.
Even more obvious was the absence of a large, self-confident middle class of the sort that had arisen earlier in the West.
The revolt was easily put down, but it inspired the new tsar, Nicholas I, to still more adamant conservatism. Diffusion of best-practice agriculture At the same Russian and japanese industrialization, the abolition of the three hundred or so feudal fiefs that were the backbone of confederation style-Tokugawa rule and their consolidation into politically weak prefectures, under a strong national government that virtually monopolized taxation authority, gave a strong push to the diffusion of best practice agricultural technique.
An uprising occurred in andtriggered by news of the revolutions in the West and led by liberal aristocrats and loyal Catholics who chafed under the rule of an Orthodox power. Between andelectrification mainly due to the proliferation of intercity electrical railroads created economies of scale in the nascent industrial belt facing outward onto the Pacific.
Work cited Sil, Rundra. A war in the s led to some territorial gains, though Western powers, fearful of a Russian advance on Constantinople that would provide easy access to the Mediterranean, forced some limitations. The sustained growth of proto-industrialization in urban Japan, and its widespread diffusion to villages after was also inseparable from the productivity growth in paddy rice production and the growing of industrial crops like tea, fruit, mulberry plant growing that sustained the raising of silk cocoons and cotton.
Russia became a debtor nation as huge industrial development loans piled up. Some form of local government was essential now that the nobles no longer directly ruled the peasantry.
The government sponsorship fostered the construction of ports, rail roads, canal and steamships. Early in the 19th century, Russia began to contribute creatively to European cultural output.
To be sure, the precise assumptions and techniques they use can be criticized. Newspapers and schools, already confined to a small minority, were tightly supervised. Under Count Witte, minister of finance from to and an ardent economic modernizer, the government enacted high tariffs to protect new Russian industry, improved its banking system, and encouraged Western investors to build great factories with advanced technology.
On the other hand, the Russian government sponsored education as the basic platform of industrialization. Some won access to higher education, and, as in the West, a minority of women mainly from the upper classes began to penetrate professions such as medicine.
From the reform era onward, literacy spread rapidly in Russian society.Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West OUTLINE in Russian industrialization. As a result, nearly one half of Russia’s industrial businesses were the Japanese quickly defeated Russian forces in the Russo-Japanese War of Military defeat unleashed all of.
Also, Russian + Japanese industrialization was a response to Western industrialization as they wanted to be able to compete with those developed nations. In what ways was Japan more successful than China in responding to the industrial West?
In a Russian point of view, they saw (the nobles) western industrialization as a threat to their hold over the country. On the other hand, Peter the Great pushed for Russia to become more European by adopting their language (most notably was French), clothing, administrative and military methods.
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Printer Friendly. Chapter 27 Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West. I. Introduction A. Both Russia and Japan reacted differently to Western industrialization 1.
Though behind the West, were able to remain economically autonomous C. Japanese/Russian. Japanese Industrialization and Economic Growth. Carl Mosk, University of Victoria.
Japan achieved sustained growth in per capita income between the s and through industrialization.Download