Philia is motivated by practical reasons; one or both of the parties benefit from the relationship. As it arises from a conflation with Modern love Greek word, there is no corresponding verb.
However, there are some examples of agape used to mean the same as eros. Japanese The Japanese language uses three words to convey the English equivalent of "love".
In Confucianism, one displays benevolent love by performing actions such as filial piety from children, kindness from parent, loyalty to the king and so forth.
It has also been translated as "love of the soul. Love has therefore been seen as a mechanism to promote parental support of children for this extended time period. Roma—can be viewed as an anagram for amor, which was used as the secret name of the City in wide circles in ancient times which is also used in the plural form to indicate love affairs or sexual adventures.
Modern love translations list it as "love of the body". Diligere often has the notion "to be affectionate for," "to esteem," and rarely if ever is used for romantic love.
Eros helps the soul recall knowledge of beauty and contributes to an understanding of spiritual truth. From this verb come amans—a lover, amator, "professional lover," often with the accessory notion of lechery—and amica, "girlfriend" in the English sense, often being applied euphemistically to a prostitute.
The traditional psychological view sees love as being a combination of companionate love and passionate love. In this, he argued directly against Confucians who believed that it was natural and correct for people to care about different people in different degrees.
Ovid wrote a guide to dating called Ars Amatoria The Art of Lovewhich addresses, in depth, everything from extramarital affairs to overprotective parents. Cicero wrote a treatise called On Friendship de Amicitiawhich discusses the notion at some length.
Because "love" covers a wide range of emotions and behavioral phenomena, there are nuances distinguishing the three terms.
It generally refers to a "pure," ideal type of love, rather than the physical attraction suggested by eros. Furthermore, researchers as Modern love as Charles Darwin himself identified unique features of human love compared to other mammals and credit love as a major factor for creating social support systems that enabled the development and expansion of the human species.
It can also mean "love of the mind. This same root also produces amicus—"friend"—and amicitia, "friendship" often based to mutual advantage, and corresponding sometimes more closely to "indebtedness" or "influence".
When the calamity of time afflicts one limb The other limbs cannot remain at rest. Ancient Greeks identified four forms of love: Although eros is initially felt for a person, with contemplation it becomes an appreciation of the beauty within that person, or even becomes appreciation of beauty itself.
Attachment between adults is presumed to work on the same principles that lead an infant to become attached to its mother. Ai is used as both a verb e. Plato refined his own definition.
The conventional view in biology is that there are two major drives in love: Cultural views See also: In Buddhism, Ai was seen as capable of being either selfish or selfless, the latter being a key element towards enlightenment. Lovers and philosophers are all inspired to seek truth by eros.
It was an almost ritualized friendship formed between a host and his guest, who could previously have been strangers. This word would be appropriate to describe the friendship of two men.
Passionate love is intense longing, and is often accompanied by physiological arousal shortness of breath, rapid heart rate ; companionate love is affection and a feeling of intimacy not accompanied by physiological arousal. The corresponding noun diligentia, however, has the meaning of "diligence" or "carefulness," and has little semantic overlap with the verb.
This would favor monogamous relationships over polygamy.
Two philosophical underpinnings of love exist in the Chinese tradition, one from Confucianism which emphasized actions and duty while the other came from Mohism which championed a universal love.
At the same time, the Ancient Greek text of the Bible has examples of the verb agapo having the same meaning as phileo. Mohism stressed that rather than adopting different attitudes towards different people, love should be unconditional and offered to everyone without regard to reciprocation, not just to friends, family and other Confucian relations.
If you have no sympathy for the troubles of others You are not worthy to be called by the name of "man".Inanna is an ancient Mesopotamian goddess associated with love, beauty, sex, desire, fertility, war, justice, and political power.
She was originally worshipped in Sumer and was later worshipped by the Akkadians, Babylonians, and Assyrians under the name Ishtar. She was known as the "Queen of Heaven" and was the patron goddess of the Eanna.
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