Was it the spore of the Potato Blight that turned the staple of the Irish diet into a stinking putrid mass or was it the British Governments facilitation of continued agricultural exports from Ireland as the Gael starved in mud huts within sight of the river traffic?
The blow dealt by blight was followed by the monstrous actions of the land owning aristocrats, the majority of whom lived their lives of luxury in England funded by rents extracted annually from the Irish Celt. Their decision to drastically cut relief measures in mid, half way through the famine, so that Irish tax payers, as opposed to the Imperial Treasury, would foot the bill for famine relief, certainly contributed greatly to the mass death that followed.
Roman Catholics, Methodists, Quakers, Presbyterians, Episcopalians, Lutherans, Moravian and Jewish groups put aside their differences in the name of humanity to help out the Irish. Many of these landlords lived in England and were known as absentee landlords.
Approximately one million died and one million people emigrated during this period. They blamed the English. In most cases they could not compete.
By mid-Augustit had reached much of northern and central Europe; Belgium, The Netherlands, northern France, and southern England had all been stricken. Merchants lobbied against the export ban, but government in the s overrode their protests.
Eyewitnesses began to report whole villages lying in their cabins, dying of the fever. Holdings were so small that no crop other than potatoes would suffice to feed a family. Its removal was a massive boost to Canadian and Australian Grain Growers.
The first paragraph sets the tone: The death rate did of course rise across the country. What little money or saleable goods they had generally went on paying rent.
Bythere were over half a million peasant farmers, with 1. This mass migration, which continued throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, triggered a permanent demographic decline in the Irish population, which fell from about 8 million in to about 4 million in Perhaps the culprit is simply the malevolent indifference of the British ruling class.
At the beginning ofthe state of Ireland was as it had been for nearly seven hundred years, a source of grave anxiety to England. The impoverished Irish peasantry, lacking the money to purchase the foods their farms produced, continued throughout the famine to export grain, meat, and other high-quality foods to Britain.
The potato crop did not fail that year, but most potato farmers had either not sown seeds in expectation that the potato crop would fail again, did not have any more seeds or had been evicted for failure to pay rent.
The Irish disliked the imported cornmeal, and reliance on it led to nutritional deficiencies. Russell and the Treasury official in charge of famine relief, Charles Trevelyan are therefore often seen as being culpable for the worst of the famine.
The Potato Blight made its appearance in and by had destroyed the Potato Crop. To Irish potato-growing land renters, the potato was both food and cash. InIrish newspapers carried reports concerning a disease which for two years had attacked the potato crops in America. Landlords and tenants During the 18th century, the "middleman system" for managing landed property was introduced.
This is a subject that will be dealt with in more detail later.
Local food prices promptly dropped. In Januarythe Government set up free soup kitchens; which were inexpensive and relatively successful at feeding the poor.
Consequence which extended into the mid twentieth century:Famine had been common in Nineteenth Century Ireland and almost an occupational hazard of rural life in Ireland. But the Great Famine of eclipsed all others. This affected Ireland as those who were most active and who could contribute the most to Ireland, left the country.
Between the years of and fungus attacked the large potato crops of Ireland resulting in what would later become known as the Irish Potato Famine. Its effects permanently changed the island's demographic, political and cultural landscape.
The famine lasted in one part of Ireland or other from to Bourke (Central Statistics Office ) analysis showed that the potato acreage for to were million, million, and million respectively.
The horror of what is casually referred to as the "Potato Famine" is meticulously chronicled in the superb and immensely readable "The Great Hunger: Ireland ", by Cecil Woodham-Smith. The first paragraph sets the tone: At the beginning ofthe state of Ireland was as it had been for nearly seven hundred years, a source of grave anxiety to England.
Irish Potato Famine () Save The Great Famine (Irish: an Gorta Mór,) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between and . Inpeople in Ireland no longer owned most of their land. The Irish countryside, with its green pastures and wonderful farmland, had been turned into English plantations.
Land-owning Irishmen, who worked for themselves, had become English tenants.
“Penal Laws,” which governed the conduct of.Download